While diabetes and pre-diabetes occur in people of all ages and races, some groups have a higher risk for developing the disease than others. Diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population. This means they are also at increased risk for developing pre-diabetes.
There are three different tests your doctor can use to determine whether you have pre-diabetes:
1. The A1C test
2. The fasting plasma glucose test (FPG)
3. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
The blood glucose levels measured after these tests determine whether you have a normal metabolism, or whether you have prediabetes or diabetes.
If your blood glucose level is abnormal following the FPG, you have impaired fasting glucose (IFG); if your blood glucose level is abnormal following the OGTT, you have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Both are also known as prediabetes.
Did you know that There are 79 million people in the United States who have pre-diabetes
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How To Recognize Pre-Diabetes:
- Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have "pre-diabetes"—blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. There are 79 million people in the United States who have pre-diabetes. Recent research has shown that some long-term damage to the body, especially the heart and circulatory system, may already be occurring during pre diabetes.
Dr. Rao has experience in treating Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes and works closely with specialists. Please talk to Dr. Rao if you need to be checked for pre-diabetes . Schedule an Appointment to have your symptoms evaluated.
Article Sources: 1. American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org 2. Image Source: http://www.geninv.net 3. Image Source: http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/dr_nouri